TRIBUTE TO NETAJI (23rd JAN. NATIONAL DAY OF PATRIOTISM)
The name of Subhas Chandra Bose is
an integral part of the history of India’s fight for freedom. His greatest
achievement was the deep sense of national unity that he was able to kindle in
his countrymen and the profound love and loyalty, he was able to inspire in his army.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born to Prabhavati Devi and Janaki Nath Bose, a lawyer of Cuttack, Orissa on 23 January 1897.
He graduated in 1919 with a first class in philosophy. Submitting to his parents
will, he appeared for the Civil Service examination in 1920 and came out fourth
in order of merit. Although he joined the service but his mind was deeply
disturbed by grave developments at home, specially the heinous Jalianwala Bagh
massacre. In April 1921, he resigned. He went home to Kolkata to work under
Chittaranjan Das, the Bengali patriot.
On 26 January1941, he suddenly disappeared from his house to
supplement the struggle going on at home from outside. He held talks on a basis
of equality, first with Germany and later negotiated an alliance with Japan. In January 1942, he began his regular broadcasts from
Radio Berlin. On 04 July, he took over from Rash Behari Bose the
leadership of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia, organized the Azad
Hind Fauj (the Indian National Army), became its Supreme
Commander on 25 August 1942 and proclaimed the Provisional Government of Azad
Hind on 21October 1942. The I.N.A. Headquarters was shifted to Rangoon
in January 1944, and marching thence towards their Motherland with the war cry
“Chalo Delhi” on their lips, the Azad Hind Fauj crossed the Burma
Border, and stood on Indian soil on 18 March 1944. He was reportedly killed in an air crash over Taipei, Taiwan
(Formosa) on 18 August 1945.
Netaji Subhas Bose’s birth anniversary, on 23rd January is also
observed as the National Day of
Patriotism every year.